A Moʻolelo for ʻUmi: A Famous Aliʻi of These Hawaiian Islands.
E na hoa makamaka o ke ala ulili, ua hiki mai nei kakou i kekahi mahele nui o nei moolelo, a e ike ana kakou i ke ano haipule o ke alii i kona wa e noho ilihune ana ma Laupahoehoe a i kona noho aupuni ana i ke kuapapa nui ana o ka moku iaia. He ano kaulana keia ona, a wahi a kahiko, o ke alii haipule i ke akua, oia ke alii i ku i ka moku. Nolaila, e na hoa heluhelu, e iho kakou i kai o Laupahoehoe a e hoomau aku kakou i ke kuamoo o ka mea nona keia moolelo, oia no o ke alii kaulana o Hamakua, o Umialiloa.
Oh companions of "the steep trail," we have arrived at an important part of this moʻolelo, and we are about to see the pious nature of the aliʻi during his time living in destitution in Laupāhoehoe, until the time in which he reigned, after having unified the island under him. This was a famous characteristic of his, and according to the traditions of old, the aliʻi who worshipped the akua was the aliʻi who would rule the island. Therefore, oh reading companions, let us descend to the shore at Laupāhoehoe, and we shall continue along the path of the one for whom this moʻolelo is written, that is, the famous aliʻi of Hāmākua, ʻUmialīloa.
Helu 2. (Hoʻomau ʻia)
I ko lakou noho ana malaila [ma Waipunalei], kuka lakou e huna ia Umi, aole e hai i kona inoa; kuka hou lakou, aole e hana o Umi, e noho wale no, a noho wale o Umi e like me ko lakou manao. A i ko lakou liuliu ana malaila, hele aku o Piimaiwaa, a me Koi, me Omaokamau, e mahiai ma ke kihapai o ko lakou makuahonowai aka, o Umi ka i hele ole. I ko lakou hoi ana, mai ka mahiai mai, olioli ko lakou makuahonowai no ko lakou ikaika i ka mahiai. Aka, o ko Umi mau makuahonowai, kaumaha loa no ko Umi ikaika ole i ka mahiai no kana wahine.
A i kekahi wa, hele lakou ma kahakai o Laupahoehoe, he akamai o Umi i ke kahanalu, a heihei ana, hooke ikaika mai o Paiea [he kanaka akamai i ka heenalu no Laupahoehoe] ia Umi [i ka pohaku], eha loa ko Umi poohiwi ia Paiea, oia ko Paiea hewa i make ai ia Umi, i ko Umi wa i ku ai i ka moku.
A hiki i ke kau Aku o ua wahi la, holo o Piimaiwaa, Omaokamau, me Koi, i ka hoe Aku me kamaaina o ia wahi. I ka wa i loaa mai ai ka lakou Aku, olioli ko lakou mau makuahonowai; aka, o ko Umi mau makuahonowai, kaumaha loa no ko Umi holo ole i ke kaohi Aku me na lawaia o ia wahi. I mai na makuahonowai o Umi i kana mau wahine. "Ina paha ka puipui o ka olua kane, he kanaka lawai-a, ina ua aina ke Aku; aka, makehewa ko olua mau kino ia ia." I kekahi manawa, ike mai na lawai-a he kanaka puipui o Umi, i mai lakou ia ia e hele i ke kaohi Aku, ae aku no o Umi i ka lakou olelo, aole nae lakou i ike he alii o Umi; aka, ua kaulana loa ka nalo ana o Umi. Aole nae lakou i ike o Umi keia. I ko Umi holo ana e kaohi Aku i ka wai, haawiia mai ai kana Aku e ka lawai-a, ike aku o Umi, ua polalo mai ka lawai-a i ke Aku malalo o ka lemu, aole o Umi i lawe ia i-a nana.
Aka, kuai aku o Umi i kana ia me ke kaohi e, ka mea i haawiia mai kona ia maluna mai, i mai o Umi, "Homai na'u kau i-a uuku, eia mai kau o ka i-a nui," ae mai kela kaohi. Aole o Umi i ai i ua i-a nei, lawe aku no na Kaili, (kona akua) aia no ma kahi o Hokuli, ko Umi wahi i huna ai.
Chapter 2. (Cont'd)
As they settled in there [at Waipunalei], they discussed concealing 'Umi, and not speaking his name. They further discussed that 'Umi should not work, but just rest. And so 'Umi consented with their wishes. As they remained there for some time, Pi'imaiwa'a, Kōī, and ʻŌmaʻokāmau began to go and cultivate the fields of their wahine's parents, but ʻUmi did not go. When they returned from their farming, the parents of their wahine rejoiced in their strength as farmers. However, the parents of ʻUmi's wahine were deeply bothered by ʻUmi's lack of effort in farming for his wahine.
At another time, they went to the ocean at Laupāhoehoe. ʻUmi was very skilled in body surfing, and in one particular contest urged on by Paiea [a skilled surfer of Laupahoehoe], ʻUmi was crowded [into the rocks] by Paiea, and ʻUmi's shoulders were struck and injured. That wrongdoing of Paiea is what brought death to him by ʻUmi, when ʻUmi later ruled the island.
When the aku season arrived at that place, Piʻimaiwaʻa, ʻŌmaʻokāmau, and Kōī went out aku fishing with the kamaʻāina of that place. When the time came that they caught their aku, the parents of their wahine again rejoiced. But the parents of ʻUmi's wahine were troubled by ʻUmi's refraining to go catch aku with the fishermen of that place. These parents of ʻUmi's wahine said to their daughters, "If your strong, able-bodied kāne was perhaps a fisherman, then the aku would be yours to eat, but your bodies are being wasted upon him." At another time, the fishermen saw that ʻUmi was a sturdy man, so they told him to come aku fishing with them. ʻUmi agreed to their request, but they did not see that he was an aliʻi. Though it was well known that ʻUmi was in hiding, they did not know that this indeed was ʻUmi. When ʻUmi went out to catch aku in the water, he was given a fish by the other fishermen, but ʻUmi saw that the fisherman had reached between his legs and grabbed the aku from under his buttocks. So ʻUmi did not take that fish for him.
Instead, ʻUmi traded his fish with the one who had withheld the fish taken from above for himself. ʻUmi said to him, "Give to me your small fish. Here is yours, a big fish," and that withholder agree. ʻUmi, however, did not eat that fish. It was taken and offered to Kāʻili (his akua), at a place called Hokuli, where ʻUmi had hidden it.
E ka mea heluhelu, e nana kakou i kekahi lala o keia kuamoo olelo no keia hana kapanaha a Umi. Wahi a Samuel M. Kamakau, "I ka ike ia ana o Umi he kanaka ikaika, a ua makemake nui ia o Umi i kanaka kaohi malau aku, a ua makaukau io no, a ua ikaika maoli no i ka hoe waa. I kekahi wa, ua nui ka ia, a ua haawi pono ia mai ka ia, a i ka wa uuku o ka ia, ua poho lalo ia malalo o ka noho'na ke pakahikahi aku, alaila, ua haumia kela ia malalo o ka noho'na, a ua hoopailua ke akua aole pono ke hoali aku na ke akua, a nolaila, ua kuai ia me ke kanaka i loaa pono ka ia maluna pono mai, aole ma ka noho'na, a ina hookahi wale no wahi ia, aole e ai o Umi, ua waiho no oia na kona akua na Kukailimoku, aia ma ke ala iho o Hokuli [he pali ia], a ua huna ia iloko o ke ana; a no ka ikaika o Umi i ke kaohi aku a me ka hoe waa, ua kapaia o Puipui-a-kalawaia."**
Oh reader, let us now look at another branch of this path of tradition about these wonderful deeds of ʻUmi. According to Samuel M. Kamakau, "When it was seen that ʻUmi was a strong man, many desired that he join them in aku fishing, for he was indeed skilled and truly strong as a canoe paddler. At times, when the fish were abundant, the fish was given out in a pono way. However, in times when the fish were scarce, they were dealt dishonestly from beneath the seat when apportioned out. Those fish from below the seat were then haumia (defiled), and the akua would become offended by it if it were offered to the akua. Therefore, an exchange would be made with someone who received fish in a pono way, from above rather than below the seat. And if there was only one fish, ʻUmi would not eat it. He would leave it for his akua, Kūkāʻilimoku, which was hidden inside of a cave along the trail descending Hokuli [a cliff]. Thus, because of his skill and strength in aku fishing and canoe paddling, ʻUmi was called "Puʻipuʻi-a-ka-lawaiʻa" (Stalwart fisherman).
I kona holo pinepine ana i ka lawai-a, haohao o Kaleioku [he kahuna oia] i ka pio mau o ke anuenue ma ia malau. Manao o Kaleioku, o Umi paha kela; no ka mea, ua loheia ko Umi nalowale ana. Alaila, iho mai o Kaleioku me ka puaa, a ike oia ia Umi e noho ana me ka hanohano, a manao iho la o Kaleioku, he alii keia.
Alaila, kaumaha aku la oia i ka puaa, me ka i aku, "Eia ka puaa e ke akua, he puaa imi alii." I ka Kaleioku kuu ana'ku i ka puaa, holo aku la ka puaa a ku ma ko Umi alo; alaila, huli hou mai ua puaa nei ia Kaleioku. Ninau aku o Kaleioku, "O Umi anei oe?" Ae mai o Umi, "Ae, owau no." I aku o Kaleioku, "E hoi kaua i ko'u wahi." Ae mai no o Umi; alaila, i ae la kona mau makuahonowai, a me kolaila mau kanaka a pau. "He alii ka keia! o Umi ka ia!! o ka Liloa keiki ka!!! ka mea a kakou i lohe iho nei i keia mau la, ua nalowale."
O ka hope keia o ka moolelo o Umi, o ka pau ana keia, ina he nui aku koe, o keia moolelo, e hiki no i ka mea i loaa ia ia ka moolelo o Umi, e hiki no i ka mea i ike ke hoolawa mai, a hookui mai i keia moolelo o Umi, ma keia pepa hou mai. A ina hoi ua hemahema a pololei ole paha keia moolelo, e hai mai no ka mea i pau ia ia ka moolelo no Umi ma ke akea.
Eia kekahi, ma keia hope aku, e hai hou aku ana au i ka Moolelo o ko Kamehameha I., noho aupuni ana maluna o keia Pae Aina o Hawaii nei, mai ka makahiki 1794 a hiki i ka makahiki 1811. A pela hoi i ka wa i hiki mai ai na Misionari mua i Hawaii nei, a me ko Kaahumanu hooponopono Aupuni ana, a me Kamehameha II., a pela'ku, Owau no me ke aloha aku i ka poe e heluhelu ana. S. K.
[E nā hoa heluhelu, ʻo kēia ka hopena o ko Simeon Keliikaapuni kākau hou ʻana i ka moʻolelo o ʻUmi i paʻi mua ʻia i ka buke Moʻoʻolelo Hawaiʻi mai ke kula ʻo Lāhaināluna mai i ka makahiki 1838. Mai kēia mua aku, kākau ʻia kēia moʻolelo e kekahi haku moʻolelo, ʻo J. H. Z. Kalunaaina kona inoa.]
(Aole i pau)
Kākau ʻia e Simeon Keliikaapuni, Pep. 8, 1862
Hoʻopuka hou ʻia a ʻunuhi ʻia e Kealaulili
As he began regularly going out fishing, Kaleiokū [a kahuna] marveled at the frequent appearance of the arching rainbow above those calm aku fishing grounds. Kaleiokū thought, perhaps that was ʻUmi, because ʻUmi's disappearance had been heard of. Therefore, Kaleiokū descended with a pig, and he saw ʻUmi sitting there in a dignified manner. Kaleiokū then thought to himself, this is a chief.
He then lifted the pig and spoke thus, "Here is the pig, oh akua, a chief-seeking pig." Then as Kaleiokū released the pig, the pig ran forth and stood before ʻUmi, then turned back towards Kaleiokū. Kaleiokū questioned, "Are you perhaps ʻUmi?" ʻUmi nodded, "Yes, it is I." Kaleiokū then said to him, "Let us return to my place." ʻUmi agreed, and then the parents of his wahine, and all the people of that place spoke out, "This is an aliʻi! It is ʻUmi!! Līloa's child!!! The one we had all heard over these past days, had disappeared!"
[This is the end of the moʻolelo of ʻUmi. This is where it will end. If there is much else to tell of this moʻolelo, then someone else who knows the moʻolelo of ʻUmi can surely provide it here, and join it to this moʻolelo of ʻUmi in the coming issues of this paper. And if perhaps this moʻolelo is inaccurate or incorrect in parts, the one who is to finish this moʻolelo of ʻUmi shall announce it publicly.
Furthermore, from here forward, I am going to be telling the Moʻolelo of Kamehameha I's governance of these Islands of Hawaiʻi, from the year 1794 to the year 1811. I will also be telling of the time when the first missionaries arrive here in Hawaiʻi, Kaʻahumanu's regulation of the government, Kamehameha II., and so forth. Sincerely your's, with aloha to all who are reading, S. K.]
[Dear reading companions, this is the end of Simeon Keliikaapuni's re-telling of this moʻolelo, which was first published in the book entitled Mooolelo Hawaii. This book was produced by the students Lāhaināluna School in 1838. From this point forward, this moʻolelo was written by another keeper of stories, J. H. Z. Kalunaaina.]
(To be continued)
Written by Simeon Keliikaapuni, Feb. 8, 1862
Republished and translated by Kealaulili